Shanghai has 39 institutions of higher learning, 812 secondary schools and 1,533 elementary schools, as well as special schools for handicapped children. The city also has a dozen schools for foreign children.
Shanghai is a big melting pot with a population largely made up of migrants. This has led to the development of the city's colourful culture. Shanghai boasts a large number of celebrated artists and performing troupes. It has two radio stations, four television stations, four film studios and several film making sites.
Many world-class musicians and artists have come to perform in Shanghai. The city regularly hosts international TV, film and art festivals. These events have drawn many domestic and overseas participants and brought an abundance of high-quality programmes to Shanghai audiences.
Other popular festivals include the Huangpu Tourism Festival, the Xuhui Osmanthus Festival, the Nanhui Peach Blossom Festival, the Fengxian Kite-flying Festival and the Zhabei Tea Festival. Outdoor concerts and performances at the Bund and other public areas have also composed unique scenes in the city's cultural life.
Fuzhou Road, known as Shanghai's "Cultural Street",has more than 100 bookstores and publishing firms. The city's 36 publishing companies released 9,928 different book titles in 1997. Meanwhile, 87 newspapers and 587 journals are published locally.
An average of about 2,000 scientific discoveries and technological breakthroughs are made in Shanghai each year, nearly one-third of which are considered to be at an advanced world level.
Shanghai boasts many landmark cultural facilities, such as the waterfront Oriental Pearl TV Tower in Pudong, Shanghai Grand Theatre and Shanghai Museum in People's Square, and the new Shanghai Library on Huaihai Road M.