Hongkou District covers 23.48km2 with 9 neighborhoods and 1 town In the north of Shanghai City. There are numerous tourist attractions such as the former residences of modern prominent literature figures and memorials and parks. Hongkou Football Stadium, rebuilt based on Hongkou Stadium that set up nearly half of a century ago, is the only football stadium that is for football matches only in China at present. North Sichuan Road, which is 3.7km long, has been one of the most prosperous shopping centers and entertainment sites of Shanghai. Duolun Road, with many modern buildings built under various styles standing on both sides, is a street famous for prominent intellectuals who once lived or worked there. The Xiahai Temple in the Tilanqiao Business Center is said to be the original site for the local fishermen to pray for their safety before their going fishing a century ago. The Ohel Moishe Hall was the place where the Jewish refugees lived during the Second World War. Many famous schools set up in the district win the honor for the district as an advanced primary education district of China. In addition to Fuxing High School, No.1 High School Affiliated to East China Normal University, there are some famous universities such as Shanghai International Studies and Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. Hongkou District is the only cultural district of Shanghai considered as a model cultural district of China and Quyang Cultural Center is one of the advanced cultural centers of China. Hongkou District, which is the hometown of many famous athletes such as Yechong, Jinfan, Yao Wenkai and Cao Yanhua, is acknowledged as the ¡°Hometown of Swimming ¡°and ¡°Hometown of Wushu¡±.
In 1956 at the 20th anniversary of Luxun¡¯s death, the grave was removed to Luxun Memorial, which was set up in 1951 in Hongkou Park (renamed Luxun Park since 1988). The exhibits in the memorial tell Luxun¡¯s living and social activities of his last ten years in Shanghai.
Former Residence of Lu Xun
At 9 Lane 132, Shanyin Road is a lane residence of modern style where Mr. Lu Xun, the great Chinese writer and thinker, lived and worked from 1933 till 1936 the year when he passed away. The articles used by Luxun are displayed in the two-storey building where Luxun wrote, translated and edited many works.
Duolun Cultural Street
Duolun Road, formerly known as Doulean Road, is a famous cultural street featuring the vicissitude of Shanghai folk styles in the 20¡¯s and 30¡¯s of the 20th century, though it is only about 550 meters long. Many prominent figures such as Luxun, Qu Xiubai and Guo Moruo once worked and lived here.
Originally known as Yiwang Temple and Xiahai(ÏÄxia means summer) Temple, it was renamed Xiahai (ÏÂxia means below, down under) Temple for it is located in Xiahaipu and ¡°ÏÂ¡±sounds same with ¡°ÏÄ¡±. Built in the period of Qian Long of the Qing Dynasty, it was damaged after years without reparation till a monk called Xinyi collected money and had it reconstructed during the period of Jia Qing of the Qing Dynasty. In 1854(the 4th year under reign of Xian Feng of the Qing Dynasty) it bought 8 mus farmlands and more than 20 rooms were set up in it, but unluckily the rooms were burned down by Japanese armies in 1937. It was in 1941 that Guisheng, the 5th abbot of the temple, rebuilt the temple on the original site.